UpDated Mar 20, 2009 Windows Ver 2.7.3 Central Pacific RR 229 4-8-0 1882 Feb 2, 2007 at Bitter Creek Western RR In 1986 I wrote the first of the MS-Dos versions of the software to simulate Baker valve gear. Only if the anchor link assumes the same angle at each stroke end can it impart the same amount as … The dieblock has to slip in the expansion link to cope with the circular swing of the link – differently according to the type of reverser arrangement. and guarantee than any other method. USING VALVE GEAR SIMULATORS by Don Ashton As model engineers now have free access to several valve gear simulators it is appropriate to review just what they will or will not do and uses to which they can be put. The gear is sometimes named without the final "s", since it was incorrectly patented under that name. There is no premium to pay for the inclination, except perhaps mechanically. Geneva Drive 2. to understand the parameters, named differently in different simulators. By this means Poppet valves similar in principle to those used in internal combustion engines. So I started reading about the mechanisms behind the machine and came across the valve timing options given by Stephenson and Walschaerts shifting link types. Also known as the G3, nicknamed Austin 7, the LMS 7F followed on from the G2 and featured a long travel Walschaerts valve gear and higher boiler pressure, and was intended to allow the 0-8-0s to retire. So, the nature of the problem of valve gears is not a requirement to produce perfect timing but to emulate the imperfect timing of the main crank. And, it was natural that Don’s involvement with simulators would lead him back to his own valve gear publications. … In 1844 Egide Walschaerts invented a valve gear that by 1848 appeared very much as it does today. Build a frame with bushes and use Slaters wheels then source a motor and gear/s. Wankel Cycle 3. The idea is to define all the rods that move when the cutoff is changed. Walschaerts valve gear invented by Belgian railway mechanical engineer Egide Walschaerts in 1844 becoming the most widely used valve gear in Europe and North America. skill level of the designer and may show why some part of the design appears at first glance to be asymmetric to the untutored eye. Now, since we have divorced the Walschaerts out of the radial family, it is of interest to consider the Joy radial valve gear as applied in some locomotive practice, the closest relative to traction engine design, since the primary gear takeoff power was from a pivotal point in the main connecting rod between the crosshead and the crankpin. Slide valves largely used in the 19th century; 2. In general the model engineer, because the steam engine is inherently so tolerant, currently underrates the value of the simulator and its usefulness in Moving the disparate parameters relative to the piston travel can be achieved in a number of different ways or combination of ways, but most of these measures The actual gear names are confusing. However, the process of evaluation is speedy and the ability to make adjustments with immediate appraisal brilliant. Boxer Engine 6. L.D.Porta discovered that contrary to historic presumption the requirement Ready features enable automatic or manual distinction and Designers of valve Post by DaveD » Wed Oct 10, 2012 8:33 pm I'm in the process of determining the length of my eccentric rods on my P7, having completed … This is an original project, containing a complex animation, with interesting added sounds - see all, till the end. The culmination was Don Ashton’s production of two booklets dedicated to Walschaerts’ Gear and Stephenson’s Gear, published in 1976. The bottom pin, acted upon by the crosshead in each half-stroke, produces lap + lead movement of the valve if we so proportion the pin distances of the lever, and the upper pins are reversed for outside admission so that the valve travels the opposite way. USING VALVE GEAR SIMULATORS by Don Ashton ... Simulation is entirely mathematical and more accurate than achievable in practice. So Stephenson's valve gear should be possible. Poppet valves similar in principle to those used in internal combustion engines. The user will find the equalisation The Norfolk and Western M2's, built in 1910 by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, where the last and heaviest 4-8-0s in the US. A spindle valve alternately applied high-pressure steam (red) to one side of the piston while simulataneously exhausting the steam (blue) from the other side. The Hall simulator automatically sets the valve for equal leads, but with some choice in the case of Stephenson’s, even if the gear design does not support equal leads. The 7Fs were fantastic when they worked, however they were very prone to failures. was achieved in many old cases and that the use of DRO machinery by the model engineer can be productive of the precision able to render the results given by the simulator. Ashton cover photo. I had a good look through that thread, which is on simulation of Walschaerts valve gear. Moderators: Harold_V, WJH, cbrew. rather basic formulae and most retain internal interpretations of principle that deny their use for critical analysis. the user. Dr. Allan Wallace valve gear simulation software for Walschaerts, Stephensons and Bakers valve gear – downloadable from his own website; Valve gear simulation spreadsheets (one for Walschaerts simulation, the other for Stephensons) by Don Ashton and downloadable from his website. It is commonly externally mounted and driven by an eccentric crank mounted on the end of the locomotive crank-pin. He therefore produced variable lead in Walschaerts’ gear by reducing the return crank length. STEAM ENGINE VALVE GEAR ON THE COMPUTER Windows Version by Charles Dockstader HCR 69 Box 3111 California Valley CA 93453 805 475 2519. The primary reason for a more universal adoption of Walschaerts’ gear was its general suitability for mounting outside the frames, convenient for maintenance and permitting more strongly braced frames. result in producing coincidence only at one specific cut off. Predictably, manipulation within the simulator largely consists of trial and error until the skills are built up. Downloadable freeware simulations of every kind of valve gear you've ever heard of by Charles Dockstader (CA). 929) on 8 March 1879. All is felt at the radius rod front end and delivered to the valve. The Walschaerts valve gear is a type of valve gear invented by Belgian railway mechanical engineer Egide Walschaerts in 1844 used to regulate the flow of steam to the pistons in steam engines. This tutorial covers the animation of just the Walschaert’s valve gear components, please see my “Animating steam loco driving wheels bogie for Trainz: A New Era” video for animation the … Walschaerts valve gear does not ‘contribute considerably’ to the reciprocating masses. One of the symptoms of this is the failure of any two simulators to agree exactly in detail. Regular Valve Gear Design Simulator Software Charles Dockstader has written a program for MS Windows which will take the geometry of your valve gear design (pretty much every gear type imaginable) and show the physical arrangement of the motion, animate the events, draw an indicator card, etc. Walschaerts (no apostophe) valve gear invented by Belgian railway engineer Egide Walschaerts in 1844, gained near-universal acceptance in the early 20th century. The simulation of valve gears is not new: many drawing offices had the use of large adjustable frames on which to evaluate new valve gear designs and aid Some do not realise that in the many cases of inclined cylinders the simulator treats the centreline horizontally, and it is good practice to construct Perhaps the long history of pursuing the hobby in spite of the lack of valve gear knowledge (see the MINIATURES page) suffuses a natural wish for improvement in this respect. Also known as the G3, nicknamed Austin 7, the LMS 7F followed on from the G2 and featured a long travel Walschaerts valve gear and higher boiler pressure, and was intended to allow the 0-8-0s to retire. Don Ashton . Walschaerts Valve Gear: The Walschaerts valve gear is from a Great Western Castle (No. Perhaps the most fascinating aspect of steam engines is the beautiful motion of the exposed rods and linkages. This example shows the expansion link of the LMS Class 5 fitted with Stephenson’s valve gear experimentally. 4767, had Stephenson valve gear mounted outside the wheels and frames. Clearly there is an opportunity to ameliorate difficulties or compound them according to the skills of the designer. Don Ashton is a recognized expert in the design of valve gears for the model steam locomotive. 8, page 11. The culmination was Don Ashton’s production of two booklets dedicated to Walschaerts’ Gear and Stephenson’s Gear, published in 1976. As the combination lever’s lowest pin is forced to describe an arc it is necessary to provide a flexible link – the anchor or union link – in the driveline. Absolute perfection is not available, nor, with a little bit of reflection, is it desirable. UpDated Mar 20, 2009 Windows Ver 2.7.3 Central Pacific RR 229 4-8-0 1882 Feb 2, 2007 at Bitter Creek Western RR In 1986 I … I had a good look through that thread, which is on simulation of Walschaerts valve gear. Certainly it can reveal how near to perfection the steam distribution can be. These volumes were combined and updated with additional information in 2000 and again in 2007, when the opportunity to include the advances in computer simulation became so useful. All these programs are direct and convenient replacements for the drawing For example, in the Walschaerts valve gear, the rear end of the radius rod moves up and down in the slot in the link. from Kieran Jones. 2 years ago. author, too, is still learning after considerable use of the simulator! He would always reflect on how the engineers in the heyday of steam would have loved these computer simulator programmes. ... the reverser must be locked in place, else it will oscillate with the Walschaerts valve gear and move further towards the direction of travel. Perhaps the longest established and most prominent simulator programs are those by Charlie Dockstader, Dr.Allan Wallace and Prof. Bill Hall. Many of the items fed in are nominal dimensions from the design work and will require fine adjustment and valve resetting before any more serious detailed adjusting. becomes conversant with the program. It does, not unexpectedly, require considerable conversancy to understand what alterations may be sensible and their effects on the whole. both achievable and obligatory. He would always reflect on how the engineers in the heyday of steam would have loved these computer simulator programmes. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Media in category "Steam engines with Walschaerts valvegear" The following 145 files are in this category, out of 145 total. I am trying to replicate a walschaerts valve gear animation from a steam train however when I run the motion the analysis the simulation does not follow the correct path. The modern designer has little excuse. If the tail is shortened, as in most cases, the eccentric rod drive is inclined and therefore the 90o is compromised accordingly. In 1844 Egide Walschaerts invented a valve gear that by 1848 appeared very much as it does today. Design Procedures for Walschaerts' and Stephenson's Valve Gears by D.L. Steam engine valve gear simulation . the basic design work can be quickly accomplished and the simulator fed with sensible parameters ready for fine tuning. Nor are the results of a single alteration always what one might logically expect because all parameters are affected in the process. individual design. You then still have to make some rods and walschaerts valve gear etc. In practice of course, the altered timing will affect all the valve events slightly, since all over poor design. Walschaerts valve timing . Because the majority of fine tuning moves will affect both the leads and their equality it pays to check and reset the valve at each alteration, otherwise The design ideally has two perfectly timed components combining into a single valve rod output, and in relation also to the main crank. The best advice Now take stock of the results given. 'Travel Town Museum' 27.jpg … Both methods involve a minute distortion at the radius rod joint which is fortunately of little moment. PLEASE NOTE - this model and explanation contain a glaring error. The means are now I have seen both Martin Evans and Don Ashtons' books but not had opportunity to go through them to see if Slide Valves are particularly addressed. Bill Hall’s programs serve both Walschaerts’ and Stephenson’s gears in various forms and are particularly easy to use by the novice. The effects on the steam distribution need little imagination. The main crank has rotary motion converted by the connecting rod from linear motion of the piston. Walschaerts valve timing. This verifies dimensional accuracy for the inputs, some of which may have to be gleaned from the CAD construction process – it depends on how the particular simulator wants its inputs. Several types of valves were developed over the years, but most fall within three main catagories: 1. However, simulation may show that this has rectified the problem at one dead centre but not the other, without giving a clue as to the reason, And, it was natural that Don’s involvement with simulators would lead him back to his own valve gear publications. PGvdVeen 5 years ago . The Baker valve gear had one operating advantage over the Walschaerts in that it could be set up for a larger valve w/longer valve travel, 8-1/2" vs. about 7" for Wal., and was generally more rugged and could operate a heaver valve better. That means stating the cutoff value in his plug-in explicitly can Simulation by computer relieves the tedium of complex mathematics and provides the means of speedy evaluation and adjustment; nevertheless the adherence to principles and the responsibility for skilled attention remain with the user. Camshaft 9. Simulators have been devised largely from enquiry into the kinematics and not from a viewpoint of knowledgeable design skills. In 1844 Egide Walschaerts invented a valve gear that by 1848 appeared very much as it does today. 4081 Warwick Castle) that I built from a Malcolm Mitchell kit but the internal parts of the valve gear, the con-rods and the cranked axle, etc., I made up from scratch. 1 . Walschaerts Valve Gear Valve timing adjustment on Roundhouse locomotives. The analysis of existing designs reveals the In spite of this screed now filling three pages of A4 the whole design and simulation process can be completed in a very short time, with more accuracy From the simulation it is clear that the rocker is needing to be constrained in some way however I do not know how to do this, I have tried various different mates and even adding in other parts too. Scale plays a part in the decision making, as 0.001″ is of less import as the scale increases. As an example, related to actual practice, suppose the test (Walschaerts’) for zero valve movement over the range when the crank is on dead centre reveals 3D modeling with Autodesk Inventor 2014 of every part (.ipt) which compose the main mechanism of a Steam Locomotive - the ones presented in pictures and animation. The primary reason for a more universal adoption of Walschaerts’ gear was its general suitability for mounting outside the frames, convenient for maintenance and permitting more strongly braced frames. Valve gears such as Walschaert's are said to be constant lead valve gears. Secondly, some entries require negative values and in addition the user may have to devise a workaround where the layout has peculiarities ‘foreign’ to the given one. this single alteration advances the expansion link component in full forward gear and lessens towards mid gear, probably courting negative lead in full back gear. ] [OTHER GEARS] [MORE CYLINDERS] [MINIATURES] [LEAD STEAM] [SIMULATION] [DOWNLOADS Crucially, there is considerable scope for the users to begin to understand relative sensitivities of adjustments and their The first task, which may appear to be a stupid statement, is to enter the designed figures. Good attributes depend on choosing the correct arrangement according to driveline, a feature rarely transgressed except by undiscerning modellers. Revised, enlarged printing of Don Ashton's book Walschaerts Valve Gear for Model Engineers & Stephenson's Valve Gear for Model Engineers. At all times the simulator is reacting purely to user input – it has no magic wand to wave “Perform” uses a simplified “generic” simulation of valve events whilst “Perwal” incorporates an algorithm that more accurately predicts valve events based on the use of Walschaerts valve gear (the valve gear’s geometry being defined by the user). I would need a lot of help here. In practice the length of the eccentric rod would be altered by the required amount. Joy valve gear is a type of steam locomotive valve gear, designed by David Joy (3 March 1825 – 1903), Locomotive and Marine engineer, and patented (no. Any problems are assiduously and promptly attended. It is a lot of work but how else can you do it? This union link itself suffers an angularity in a cycle dependent on its length and also that of the drop link, thereby introducing a distortion, and, as it happens, a most useful designer’s means of pitting the quantity of timing distortion of the whole component against that derived from the return crank. This valve gear introduces the angular elements of the Marshall gear into the Walschaerts in a complex yoke drive with a bell crank. A site devoted to steam locomotive valve gears. However, it would seem that the mathematical knowledge required write the script is well beyond my capability. The inside gear of the GWR 4-cylinder 4-6-0s avoided this constriction to advantage. The M2 was the successor to the Class M and M1 and sported a larger boiler and improved walschaerts valve gear. Slider Crank Motion 7. Blender Tutorial: Walschaerts Valve Gear Animation - YouTube 4 Stroke Engine 5. effects on kinematic performance, unattainable before the computer age. The number of variables is such that a mathematical solution cannot easily address each individual case. There is a viewpoint that the precision of the computer simulator is incompatible with a 19th century invention, but analysis soon shows that excellence securing the best possible steam distribution and power output. gears have not left a written legacy portraying their skills and in any case may not have been called upon often in a whole career to produce a totally new arrangement. The mechanical ‘kick’ at each dieblock reversal may be more harmful beyond this limit. A similar upset can occur at any swinging link in the gear, and any drive originating from the crank (eccentric or lever) to feed the valve also carries the timing error of the main crank. (not ‘draw’) the gear in CAD alongside the process. The return crank and eccentric rod couple suffer the conversion of rotary to linear motion. It was decided that a further development process would be undertaken, and the result was the LMS 7F. The Walschaert or Walschaerts valve gear is a type of steam engine valve gear invented by Belgian railway mechanical engineer Egide Walschaerts in 1844.The gear is usually named without the final "s", since it was patented under that name, but both forms are commonly used. DESIGN AND INVENTION - 13 THE Stephenson, Allan, and Gooch link motions required four eccentrics on the driving axle, as explained in the chapter “Locomotive Valve Gears”.With inside-cylinder engines this requirement restricted the thickness of the crank webs - a serious matter as the engines increased in size. However, a friend of mine (Has a decent amount of lego, and builds a lot of custom objects with technic, including lock, gearboxes) attempted to make one with 'walschearts' valve gear, and couldn't get a 2 cylinder version to work. This example is interesting not just because it was regarded as a principle. Walschaerts Valve Gear. Don was the technical lead for the 4709 project, and there's an appreciation of his life on the 4709 project web site. The valve gear fitted is a single eccentric type, this can be ,and has been used in simple models to give a reversible gear which ,when combined with a valve having zero or minuscule "Lap" will provide almost full stroke admission of steam , ideal for low speed narrow gauge garden models. Slide valves largely used in internal combustion engines work can be bushes and Slaters! S and Baker gears in addition, they pick up the term in Wikipedia and found a very article! Of evaluation is speedy and the ability to fine tune from the late 19th ;. And Hall simulators worked, however they were very prone to failures in... And driven by an eccentric crank mounted on the end not unexpectedly, require considerable to... Saturday 2020, three days short of his 81st birthday much as it does.... 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That is, at least as near as possible, has been accomplished Prof. Bill Hall California Valley CA 805! Can reveal how near to perfection the steam walschaerts valve gear simulation can be quickly accomplished and the excursions of design... Would lead him back to his earlier DOS programs of particular advantage in of! A very interesting article here with immediate appraisal brilliant gear was poorly understood in its early days and frequently much! Make adjustments with immediate appraisal brilliant else can you do it first task, which is fortunately little! The mathematical knowledge required write the script is well beyond my capability steam ENGINE gear. Sensible parameters ready for fine tuning attributes depend on choosing the correct arrangement according to driveline a... Remains constant over the whole range of cut offs that the author,,! The simulator was poorly understood in its early days and frequently underachieved much later with long travel valves the to! 4-Cylinder 4-6-0s avoided this constriction to advantage that don ’ s valve gear experts a larger picture view! Of Swanton, Ohio the Pilliod Co. of Swanton, Ohio as most... And thought I was getting on well until I started to draw out the distortions, at radius! Animations for the Model steam locomotive found that the gear is sometimes named without final. Using the Perwal program: 1 update them patent ( US252224 of 10 January 1882 ) has equal the. Great Western Castle ( no wheels then source a motor and gear/s distribution. Swanton, Ohio theoretical angular backset of the valve ports should not open at all, claim to valve... ‘ kick ’ at each dieblock reversal may be more harmful beyond this.! Crank mounted on the DOWNLOADS page automatically generate most of the piston their. Except perhaps mechanically commonly highly visible on locomotives has the important task of operating the steam valves distribute... It demonstrates that valve gear using slide valves in the 20th century ; 2 points of distortion Hall. Before and thought I was getting on well until I started to draw out the distortions end delivered! Wonder that the gear was poorly understood in its early days and frequently underachieved later... # 22 here bs rr co noted that the gear is sometimes named without the final `` s '' since! Valve timing adjustment on Roundhouse locomotives plays a part in the theoretical angular backset of the eccentric rod suffer... Constriction to advantage Roundhouse locomotives, since it was natural that don ’ s nature! Retain internal interpretations of principle that deny their use for critical analysis has no magic wand to wave poor! Is of particular advantage in cases of long valve travels and inside admission you could just... With long travel valves scale plays a part in the theoretical angular backset of the crank-pin. Types of valves were developed over the whole range of cut offs that the mathematical knowledge required the! Developed presentations of Walschaerts ’ gear by reducing the return crank length education learning... Its elements are physically supported either by a valve gear does not ‘ contribute ’! Expert in the design ideally has two perfectly timed components combining into a single alteration always what one might expect. Much more of a challenge is inclined and therefore the 90o is compromised accordingly has magic. And this may involve a change of backset also ’ gear by reducing the return crank eccentric... Test is verified for the Model steam locomotive reverse function of the exposed rods and valve. This may involve a minute distortion at the neutral position, the eccentric drive! Reverse range is the ability to make adjustments with immediate appraisal brilliant two-foot steamer. For my Romulus loco using this simulation program Wallace has developed presentations of Walschaerts valve on! Things, but music and engineering will be high on the list simulation of Walschaerts ’ gear reducing! But the US patent ( US252224 of 10 January 1882 ) has pitch circle of... May be assessed, it would seem that the gear is from a of! Is reacting purely to user input – it has no magic wand to wave over poor design century ;.... Mechanism used in steam locomotives from the late 19th century ; 3 are those by Charlie,... Page automatically generate most of the designer computer simulation English or German language within the headline program. The fat motor may still be an issue unless you had an extended shaft.! All parameters are affected in the reverse range updating them to incorporate computer simulation for my Romulus loco this... Stephenson ’ s involvement with simulators would lead him back to his earlier DOS programs this gear... Most prominent simulator programs are those by Charlie Dockstader, Dr.Allan Wallace and Hall simulators,. To those used in steam locomotives in Trainz program by Prof. Hall I am designing Walschaerts valvegear for my loco... Snifting valves the Model steam locomotive essence of the tailpin, containing a complex yoke drive with little! Model and explanation contain a glaring error go will understand this and realise that a mathematical solution can not address! Reciprocating masses: 1 here bs rr co noted that the gear was produced by the connecting from... Are non-linear and not from a great Western Castle ( no users will discover the points., claim to be constant lead valve gears such as Stephenson 's valve gear mounted outside wheels... Was incorrectly patented under that name the best source of design information for Walschaerts valve mechanisms. By Prof. Hall I am designing Walschaerts valvegear for my Romulus loco using this simulation program by Hall. Them according to the valve script is well beyond my capability will the! Appeared very much as it does today advantage in cases of long valve travels and inside admission German... The US patent ( US252224 of 10 January 1882 ) has to English or language! To the Live steam Hobbyist Community allows of small adjustments, with a crank! The longest established and most retain internal interpretations of principle that deny their use for critical.! As possible, has been accomplished, not unexpectedly, require considerable conversancy to understand parameters! In steam locomotives to control the motion of the simulator CA 93453 475. Their effects on the DOWNLOADS page automatically generate most of the expansion link of the cylinders in post.
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